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Flora & Fauna in Cienfuegos

Guanaroca Lagoon

Guanaroca Lagoon Cienfuegos It is formed by the Arimao River before it flows into the bay. It is declared a protected area and includes the Labyrinths of los Naturales, Cayo Ocampo, and other smaller keys towards the inside of the bay. Its coastal environment is very attractive because of its mangrove swamps and natural refuges of autochthonous and migratory avifauna. Amongst the noteworthy is a colony of more than 2000 pink flamengos and more than seven types of species of heron. There are important archeological sites of past aborigine and of Spanish Colonization. Cayo Ocampo was visited by the Spanish navigator of the same surname, when he sailed around Cuba, and by Diego Velázquez, in 1515. Very close to the lagoon was a site where el Padre de las Casas, Protector of the Indians, settled.

Escambray or Massif of Guamuahaya

The most important mountainous group of Central Cuba. It is characterized by steep peaks and deep intramountainous valleys, by its exuberant vegetation, its endemic species of flora and fauna, waterfalls and natural pools, its cavernous systems and its natural pathways that run all over this landscape. In the Martin Infierno Cave, one of the biggest stalagmites in the world can be found with a height of 67.20 meters. El San Juan is the tallest summit of the Escambray, measuring 1156 mts. The most attractive zones are: El Nicho, Topes de Collantes, San Juan Peak, and the Hanabanilla dam. The most spectacular waterfalls are Los Desparramaderos and Tres Deseos in El Nicho, respectively. In Topes de Collante it is El Caburní, Rocío and Charco Azul. The visit to these mountains also permits that you get to know the rural life associated with coffee plantations and other agricultural activities


Guajimico

To the south of the central region of Cuba, in the highway that unites the cities of Cienfuegos and Trinidad, a paradise of name aborigine rises: “Villa Guajimico.” With more than fifty cabins whose architecture is integrated organically to the gentle and natural environment, “Villa Guajimico” it is an ideal destination for those who prefer to combine the coast tourism and sea, with the practice of the diving and the hiking. Many are the attractions that you will find in “Villa Guajimico”, the most attractive will surely be the initiation and diving practice in an area that reserves you a surprising landscape.This picturesque village also has always the warm and professional treatment of those that only want for you, the pleasant memory of some wonderful days.

Hanabanilla

River inside of the Escambray Mountains. The source of the river Hanabanilla is located in a marvelous landscape of the Sierra Escambray. You have a nice view to the ... of the Hanabanilla and also the province of Santa Clara. You can also take a bath under the waterfalls of Hanabanilla. El Nicho is up to now not touristic so you can find only one restaurant with horrible prices. Because of that it's better to carry food and drinks by yourself.

This place is really worth to do a trip although it's rather difficult going there. By public transport it's not possible to do the trip in one day. When you go by taxi you will have to pay a lot - this only works when there are four paying people in the cab. So I think the best way to go is to rent a "moto". The rent will cost you about 25 CUC a day. You can rent them at the hotel "La Jagua". But be aware, also the street isn´t in the best condition. So, if none of these possibilities was one for you, the last (for me) but the easiest one... Go organized. This will cost you about 30 CUC with transport, guide and meal.


Yaguanabo Valley

It is located at the foot of the mountain, between the Escambray and the coast, close to the Cienfuegos to Trinidad highway, just 55 km from Cienfuegos. Its country landscapes are stunning, especially those visual sights towards the Caribbean. The Yaguanabo River crosses the valley, reserving beautiful scenery. It is possible to get to know agricultural activities of the zone linked to livestock raising and contemplate the flora and fauna.


Natural Montemar Park

It is in the Zapata Peninsula, declared by the UNESCO a Reserve of the Biosphere. It is the biggest marsh of insular Caribbean. This ecosystem possesses a great diversity and endemism. There are multiple archeological sites and testimonies of the Bay of Pigs mercenary invasion in 1961.

 

 

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