landowner, poet and musician, he was born in 1818, in Bayamo.
In the 1860s, he was active in the planning of the uprising against
the Spanish which became known as the Ten Years' War. In 1867,
he wrote La Bayamesa, which, today, is the national anthem of
Cuba. He fought in the Ten Years' War as a general under the command
of Carlos Manuel de Céspedes,
but in 1870, was captured by the Spanish and was executed in Santiago
de Cuba on August 17, of that year.